Gambling Is Growing World Wide – Perhaps at an Alarming Rate, You Decide

The other day, I was contacted by an eBook author with a new gambling eBook on Amazon, made for Kindle Users, he asked if I’d like to review it. Alan Samonte’s newest book on gambling; “The Gambling System That Works,” does sound interesting, and I think he’s touching on a real uptrend here. It is as if just recently we’ve seen a bit of growth in the number of gamblers out there in recent months.

Interestingly enough, I’ve done a bit of writing on the topic of gambling. You see, after traveling across the US, I have visited all the major gambling areas, and some small ones out of the way too, mostly on Indian Reservations or near state lines, rivers, or other areas in the gray area of law, allowing for such.

Indeed, I’ve seen mesmerized senior citizens at slot machines, brought in by the busload, Asian tourists, and high-rollers. I’ve also visited the outskirts of Las Vegas where the “Shanty Towns” are similar to the depictions in the movie “Pay it Forward” and I’ve met gambling addicts, as well as those who love to have some fun in moderation, so my experiences and observations indeed run the gambit. Still, it seems that things are on the rise in the gambling world, why I can only guess.

My conclusion is that the economy and prospects for the future are causing some of this. Of course, the rest is just good casino marketing, branding, and all the special offers, players clubs, and incentives. For those who just like to have a little fun and don’t blow it or gamble beyond their means it is a great way to entertain. For others, well, there are some sad stories out there of course, but being as we do live in a free country, we must also understand choice.

Why do I see gambling on the rise? Well, it seems everywhere I look, in the media, online and in the real world, there Judi bola is growth in the gambling sector, and it’s very competitive, not just in the USA, but world-wide – and not just in the real world but online too.

Recently in Japan Today newspaper there was a story about how Japan is wants to open up gambling in the country stating that the government needs the money and could tax the revenues, rather than losing out as Japanese travel to Macau, Singapore, and Las Vegas.

There have been reports that the US Congress may yield to pressure to make online gambling in the US legal, as they clean up the current illegal online gaming sector first. For instance the WSJ had an article “Gambling Site Bodog Shut Down Amid Ongoing Crackdown,” and “US Shuts Sports-Betting Site, Indicts the Founder of Bodog,” published on February 28, 2012.

There was a cool article in the Atlanta Business Journal on Leap Day 2012 entitled; “Developer proposes $1 billion gambling complex,” written by Carla Caldwell, which stated that a GA Developer “wants to build a hotel, theater and a game floor with 7,500 video lottery machines, which could generate $350 million yearly to the state’s struggling HOPE Scholarship program. Even though state lawmakers are searching for ways to help HOPE, gambling proposals don’t typically gain widespread support.”

There was another segment on CBS News on March 1, 2012 entitled; “Florida House votes to ban so-called Internet cafes,” which discussed how folks were going online at Internet Coffee shops and betting online, which is against FL and US Law for people to do that, while the Café stated that they don’t tell people what they can and cannot do online, even though the place is set-up for gambling online in this way. The segment stated that FL legislators voted to close 1,000 of these types of ‘storefront operations and one legislator dramatically stated;

“These are truly the crack cocaine of gambling,” and the segment went onto say; Internet cafes sell customers either phone cards or Internet time. But they also offer customers a chance to redeem electronic sweepstakes on computers that use software that mimics casino-styled games.”

Okay so, what is it about gambling that so intrigues humans? Turns out there is a very real psychological reason for human gambling, and I bet that will increase as the human minds in our society continue down the path of instant information, entertainment, and the need to be globally connected in real time, and having continuous mental stimulation – something that gambling does definitely provide with all its excitement, fear, and fun.

Out in CA we have lots of Indian Casinos offering deals on meals, and gambling fun, even though in CA gambling is not allowed, but these are on Indian Property of course, which is common throughout the US. Because gambling is so fun, it attracts people from all walks of life; grandmothers, CEOs, the unemployed, and even those who are in charge of enforcing it all. It breaks all barriers of race, religion, nationality, socio-economic planes, and intelligence levels. Gambling is a human thing, I doubt we could stop it if we tried.

Play Poker Online – Learning the Ins And Outs

Top professional gamblers who play poker online can make a mint of money, the best of them accruing millions of dollars in winnings.

But, even the less-experienced player can have fun, and pocket some winnings. In fact, if you’re a complete beginner, it’s an excellent way of learning the game, for you can test the waters by using one of the free, no-deposit bonuses available, gently progressing to lower-stake games.

So, let’s take a look at some of the benefits of online poker over offline poker, and also consider a few steps you’ll need to take in order to make your online experience safer, more enjoyable and, hopefully, more profitable!

Benefits of Online Poker

One major benefit is that you don’t need to keep poker-faced all the time! Nobody will see your expression, so you can let out all your feelings of pleasure, excitement, doubt and disappointment.
Online poker is just so convenient! No need to dress up, travel far, or wait for a place to come free. It’s available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, giving you heaps of time to win – or lose! – a small fortune.
When playing online poker, you’ll discover there are several software tools available to help improve your play. You just wouldn’t be able to benefit from these if you were playing in an actual casino! To take a simple example… a card keeper is an easy-to-use application which allows you to mark off cards that have been played in a single-deck game.
Those of you new to poker can get the feel of the game by making use of free, no-deposit bonuses. Many online casinos also offer high bonuses but, for these, you’ll normally need to make a deposit.
Less experienced players can join in low-stakes games and use them to build up their ability, experience, and confidence.
Things To Watch

As with everything else on the Internet, care must be taken over security. Before playing on any site, do check contact details and financial safety. Also, carry out searches on the Internet to ensure the site of your choice has a good track record and reputation, receiving Domino Online favorable reviews.
Are you inexperienced or completely new to playing poker? Then do read up on the game before you start to play, and learn a few basic strategies. That way, you should soon manage to win a few hands in some of the lower-stake games.
When using bonuses, make sure you read and fully understand the terms and conditions which apply.
Choose an online casino which offers a variety of both poker games and stake levels.

Learn How To Play And Win Poker Online

If you are keen on taking up poker on the internet, there are a number of ways you can go about in learning it. Learning how to play Internet poker has become important, especially for those who are keen on taking part in any of the important tournaments that are being held online. Many of us are aware of the situation where, increasingly, important poker tournaments (where really big bucks can be won) are being held online. A person who doesn’t know how to play poker online can’t take part in such tournaments. It is also to be appreciated that most poker playing nowadays takes places on online platforms: meaning that a person who doesn’t know how to play poker online risks missing out on most of the fun.

Participating in a poker game the old school way (around a table with other players) is not really all that different from joining a poker game online. A poker player would not have such a difficult transition especially if he or she is already comfortable with technology and can easily handle himself or herself around computers. Ultimately, the game remains the same: only the medium on which it is played changes. But if you are still in the process of learning how to play poker on the internet, there are a number of ways with which you can go about it.

You will be taking a step in the right direction if you start taking tutorials on how to play poker on the internet. There are many sources of these tutorial classes or sessions. In fact, if you go on the internet, you’ll find many websites offering these tutorials for free. All that is required of you is to do some searches. Keep in mind that traditional poker and online poker follow the same rules and guidelines. Since the difference between these two lies in the medium used, that is what these rules are focused on: to ease the transition of the player from traditional playing to online playing. They are very simple and easy to follow and, since there isn’t that much difference in the fundamentals of the game, you can just browse through these Judi Online tutorials for about an hour or two. After that, you may be ready to join online poker tournaments.

The subject is also the topic of many e-books nowadays. You can take advantage of this phenomenon and learn through these e-books. They are actually more preferred since they tend to discuss the subject of how to play poker more than those simple online tutorials. These e-books are especially helpful to those who are relative novices to poker and need basic to intermediate instruction. If they are not entirely comfortable playing using computers, these e-books will also discuss that topic at length.

On the internet, there are also many “dummy” online playing rooms that conduct poker games, the purpose of which is to teach people how to play online poker. You can try these too. This is a good way to get your feet wet, so to speak, and practice how to play in online poker competitions. This method is staunchly advocated by people who are not huge fans of reading or browsing through countless sites for good tutorials. It is more interactive and easier for them to assimilate.

Sources of Business Finance

Sources of business finance can be studied under the following heads:

(1) Short Term Finance:

Short-term finance is needed to fulfill the current needs of business. The current needs may include payment of taxes, salaries or wages, repair expenses, payment to creditor etc. The need for short term finance arises because sales revenues and purchase payments are not perfectly same at all the time. Sometimes sales can be low as compared to purchases. Further sales may be on credit while purchases are on cash. So short term finance is needed to match these disequilibrium.

Sources of short term finance are as follows:

(i) Bank Overdraft: Bank overdraft is very widely used source of business finance. Under this client can draw certain sum of money over and above his original account balance. Thus it is easier for the businessman to meet short term unexpected expenses.

(ii) Bill Discounting: Bills of exchange can be discounted at the banks. This provides cash to the holder of the bill which can be used to finance immediate needs.

(iii) Advances from Customers: Advances are primarily demanded and received for the confirmation of orders However, these are also used as source of financing the operations necessary to execute the job order.

(iv) Installment Purchases: Purchasing on installment gives more time to make payments. The deferred payments are used as a source of financing small expenses which are to be paid immediately.

(v) Bill of Lading: Bill of lading and other export and import documents are used as a guarantee to take loan from banks and that loan amount can be used as finance for a short time period.

(vi) Financial Institutions: Different financial institutions also help businessmen to get out of financial difficulties by providing short-term loans. Certain co-operative societies can arrange short term financial assistance for businessmen.

(vii) Trade Credit: It is the usual practice of the businessmen to buy raw material, store and spares on credit. Such transactions result in increasing accounts payable of the business which are to be paid after a certain time period. Goods are sold on cash and payment is made after 30, 60, or 90 days. This allows some freedom to businessmen in meeting financial difficulties.

(2) Medium Term Finance:

This finance is required to meet the medium term (1-5 years) requirements of the business. Such finances are basically required for the balancing, modernization and replacement of machinery and plant. These are also needed for re-engineering of the organization. They aid the management in completing medium term capital projects within planned time. Following are the sources of medium term finance:

(i) Commercial Banks: Commercial banks are the major source of medium term finance. They provide loans for different time-period against appropriate securities. At the termination of terms the loan can be re-negotiated, if required.

(ii) Hire Purchase: Hire purchase means buying on installments. It allows the business house to have the required goods with payments to be made in future in agreed installment. Needless to say that some interest is always charged on outstanding amount.

(iii) Financial Institutions: Several financial institutions such as SME Bank, Industrial Development Bank, etc., also provide medium and long-term finances. Besides providing finance they also provide technical and managerial assistance on different matters.

(iv) Debentures and TFCs: Debentures samlelan and TFCs (Terms Finance Certificates) are also used as a source of medium term finances. Debentures is an acknowledgement of loan from the company. It can be of any duration as agreed among the parties. The debenture holder enjoys return at a fixed rate of interest. Under Islamic mode of financing debentures has been replaced by TFCs.

(v) Insurance Companies: Insurance companies have a large pool of funds contributed by their policy holders. Insurance companies grant loans and make investments out of this pool. Such loans are the source of medium term financing for various businesses.

(3) Long Term Finance:

Long term finances are those that are required on permanent basis or for more than five years tenure. They are basically desired to meet structural changes in business or for heavy modernization expenses. These are also needed to initiate a new business plan or for a long term developmental projects. Following are its sources:

(i) Equity Shares: This method is most widely used all over the world to raise long term finance. Equity shares are subscribed by public to generate the capital base of a large scale business. The equity share holders shares the profit and loss of the business. This method is safe and secured, in a sense that amount once received is only paid back at the time of wounding up of the company.

The Best Options for Your Caravan Finance

Options for Your Caravan Finance

Buying a caravan can be a great way to organise more flexible holidays and weekend breaks. It can provide you with a home away from home, with all of your creature comforts. You can travel anywhere you would like to visit, spend one night or several without needing to worry about expensive hotel accommodation or costly restaurant bills. However, unless you are in a very fortunate financial position, it is likely that you will need to consider finance to fund the purchase.

Dealership Caravan Finance:

The most obvious place to look for your caravan finance is the dealership where you are purchasing the caravan. While this can be a great place to secure automotive finance, consumers should not assume that they are automatically obtaining the best auto finance rates. The dealership may have some attractive packages, but be sure to read the small print to check for any hidden fees or charges, and compare the rates with other providers before you commit. In many cases, the sticker price for the finance options are often based on longer term loans to make the monthly charges more attractive. Although this means that your monthly expenses will be less, you will be paying far more over the term of the loan. Always check the total finance cost in addition to the APR and monthly payment estimates.

Bank Loans:

Another source of financing is a loan from your high street bank. Most banks and financial institutions advertise some great loan deals for any purpose. However, you should be aware that since the global finance crisis, many banks are reluctant to lend to those without an excellent credit record. If you have less than perfect credit, you may not qualify for the advertised rate and will be offered a less competitive deal. Again, be sure to compare any quotes to check if it is the best possible deal.

Specialist Caravan Finance Broker:

A broker can be the best way to get a great deal on your caravan finance. Reputable brokers have access to a range of smslånutankreditprövning.com lenders who specialise in certain types of finance. The broker can search for the most competitive deals, allowing you to compare caravan finance rates without needing to fill out multiple forms and applications. A broker can assist you even if you have less than perfect credit as they will have access to a number of companies with more relaxed lending criteria. The broker can assist you with the paperwork, making the loan application process far less stressful and frustrating.

Restaurant Watcher – We’ll Always Have Venice

As some of you may know, I am based in Los Angeles, where we are having one of the WORST heat waves in recent history.

Generally, my area doesn’t get much hotter than the high 80’s to low 90’s. Yesterday –we hit 100 degrees. The sun literally “punched” you when you went outside.

We decided we needed to escape the hellish heat, if only briefly. So, it was time for a night out near the coast.

We met my sister and her husband in Venice Beach at Casablanca Restaurant. The owner was a huge fan of the movie, so he designed his restaurant to look like a fan’s dream. The parking spaces are even “reserved” for the stars of the film. We parked in Bogart’s spot!

The food is mexican, but emphasizes seafood more than the traditional mexican restaurant. I had a delicious broiled swordfish and steamed broccoli, with a side of white rice topped with cheese. The swordfish comes with a sauce of your choice. I went with the Baby Shrimp , Mushrooms, California Chilies, Basil & White Wine Sauce–on the side.

The Diet Friendly

The swordfish was fresh, and perfectly broiled La Gringa Bar and Grill. Slightly crisp on the outside, tender and moist on the inside. I took a tablespoonful of the flavorful sauce and ladled it on the side. It was perfect for dipping into–but I went easy on it. It was definitely creamy and my inner “calorie alarm” was going off.

The rice was tasty enough, but with the cheese topping, I limited myself to a bite, only. And really, it wasn’t missed. The swordfish and the deliciously steamed broccoli were more than enough. All in all, a fairly diet friendly (and definitely tasty) meal.

The Diet Unfriendly

The HEAVENLY, traditionally handmade (right therein the dining room) flour tortillas. It was a struggle, but I limited myself to one and a half (my sis and I shared) and no butter. I smeared the yummy salsa verde that comes with it on my dish, and dipped the tortilla in that. Not totally diet friendly, but satisfying and delicious. And definitely worth the extra calories, as long as you make sure to work them off in the gym!

Final verdict? This is definitely a place we will go back to. It’s tough finding restaurants that are moderately priced and have a menu that makes staying on your diet not only easy, but very very delicious.

Want to Know How to Play Soccer?

Soccer is becoming increasingly popular with players from around the world, how to play soccer is an issue which is frequently discussed. Read on to learn all you need to know about how to play this game.

How to play soccer – Touch and Dribbling

The first, and most important skill that any budding soccer player needs to develop, is touch and basic dribbling skills, which will allow the players to move with the ball at their feet.

As soccer players develop, they will FIFA World Cup 2018 Theme Song download develop the ability to move faster with the ball and to dribble around players. This is developed in training with the use of cones, which players are encouraged to dribble around. Eventually, the players will be able to do this faster and these skills can then be transferred into a practice game situation.

How to play soccer – Passing

Accurate passing of the ball is a vital attribute of any soccer player. Drills, such as passing the ball squarely across a field will teach the player to do this accurately, before the player learns FIFA World Cup 2018 Today match highlights how to pass under pressure in a practice match situation.

How to play soccer – Tackling

For defenders in particular, tackling is one of the most crucial aspects of learning how the game of soccer. This can only really be developed in a game situation, with advanced players coached in the art of the sliding tackle, which will successfully allow the player to gain the ball back from an opponent.

How to play soccer – Shooting

For offensive-minded players, shooting is one of the most important skills. This is developed through a series of ‘one-on-one’ exercises with a goalkeeper, where the player will be encouraged to shoot and score under pressure.

How to play Soccer – Heading

Heading the ball, whilst less important than kicking it, is still an important attribute in any soccer player. Learning to effectively head the ball, using the correct part of the forehead, jumping, and beating opponents in the air, are all important skills which every outfield soccer player will need.

Read More: FIFA World Cup 2018 TV Channels Broadcasting rights

How to play soccer – Drills vs. Practice Matches

Most soccer players will probably want to test themselves in practice matches, as these are more fun and exciting than repetitive drills. However, learning how to become a soccer player must involve a combination of drills and practice matches.

Drills will be used to help the player to develop their basic skills, while practice matches will allow them to apply these in a game situation. It is only by doing this that a soccer player can develop fully.

How to play soccer – Fitness

As with any other sport, physical fitness plays a vital role in soccer. Although less important with players, fitness drills are equally as important as soccer drills and need to be used in order to maintain the physical strength needed to be a good soccer player.

How to play Soccer – Practice makes perfect

The very best soccer players hone their skills through constant practice. David Beckham, for example, spent hours each day on the training pitch before he gained the ability to bend those trademark free kicks. Although it has been said that many players are born with a natural talent for soccer, this is only true to a certain extent, and learning how to play soccer to a good standard involves a great deal of practice as well as hard work and persistence.

Watch now: FIFA 2018 World Cup Live Streaming Free

Now you know more about how to play soccer, and the importance of practice and good coach, what’s stopping you from choosing a soccer coaching course?

Live Roulette Or RNG Roulette? What Works Best For You?

The recent addition of live dealers to casino games like roulette, blackjack, and baccarat have been gaining in a lot of popularity throughout the world. While not all casinos offer games with live dealers, there are quite a few who have this new feature, and the number is growing daily. There are a lot of reasons to seek out casinos that have live dealers, such as the social interaction between the dealers and the players, or the ability to watch the game as it unfolds real-time. You will also find that the overall set-up of live games are much more realistic than those games that are governed by random number generators (or more commonly referred to as RNG). So, with all of the advantages that there are in playing live dealer casino games, why would you choose to play RNG games at all?

One of the main reasons that RNG roulette is so appealing to some casino players is the wide variety of games that are available in most casinos. Live dealer casinos may offer some variations of live roulette, like European Roulette or American Roulette. Some live dealer casinos offer additional live roulette tables that have higher table limits and appeal to their high roller player base. You will find, though, that RNG roulette will have many different types of games in addition to the more traditional roulette games.

One of the newer varieties of roulette is called “Mini Roulette”. This game is geared towards the new roulette player in learning some of the nuances of betting at the roulette table. The basic layout of Mini Roulette is much like that of European Roulette except for the fact that there are only half of the numbers on the board. There are only twelve numbers (colored red and black) and one zero (colored green). Since there Agen roulette are fewer numbers on the wheel, there are only three columns with four rows of numbers on the table. With this smaller version of roulette, you will find that you can take more time over your tactics since there are fewer options to think about and still have all of the fun.

You will also find RNG roulette games like Three Wheel Roulette, which has triple the action of classic European roulette, or Premier Roulette Gold, which will allow you to customize your table and bet layouts with your very own favorites. There is also a new roulette game out called Premier Online Roulette, which has been graphically designed to make you feel as if you are seated at a real roulette table. If you are more of a traditionalist, you will find that there are many casinos who offer French Roulette, complete with Vousins du zero, Tier, Orphelins, Final bets and Neighbour best incorporated into the game.

As the software evolves, roulette, blackjack, and baccarat games are becoming more adept to the needs of the players and even those games that do not have live dealers still try to make the experience as professional and realistic as possible. With all of the games that are available today, even the pickiest players are sure to find the game that suits them the best. Remember to keep it fun and the best of luck to you!

Common Signs of HIV

It is necessary to know the signs of HIV immediately and treatment should be started as early possible to be able to improve the response to HIV of the immune system as well as to lessen the possibility of spreading the virus to other people.

HIV infection is commonly acquired through exposure to infected body fluids or blood, sexual intercourse or transmission from an infected woman to her baby throughout pregnancy, breastfeeding or birth. As a whole, HIV infection is transmitted through direct contact with blood fluids or infected blood and not through casual contact.

People who have history of sexually transmitted diseases and those who are sexual partners of persons with HIV are most likely to have higher risk of acquiring signs of HIV. In addition, victims of sexual assault, people who have unprotected sex with several partners, drug users who share needles are also prone on having HIV.

HIV infection or human immunodeficiency virus is an infection that slowly destroys the cells in the immune system. Signs of HIV infection commonly develop in fifty to ninety percent of infected people. After several days or weeks of exposure to HIV, some individuals can develop an illness that is the same with flu, which lasts for about two weeks. This is called as an acute HIV infection.

This stage of HIV is highly infectious due to the big amount of virus present in the blood as well as other bodily fluids. For instance HIV Test, a man could infect seven to twenty-four percent of partners through the first two months of the infection. Hence, it is necessary to identify the signs of HIV as soon as possible to help lessen the risk of spreading the virus to other people.

The common signs of HIV are joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes and fever. These signs and symptoms can be caused by other illnesses such as flu so most people cannot easily recognize that they are suffering signs of HIV.

Most patients begin to experience signs of HIV two to four weeks after the exposure to the virus. However, there are cases where the first signs of HIV appear ten months after the exposure.

Signs of HIV have immediate onset that begin with fever and most patients develop advanced set of symptoms in one or two days. On the second week of illness, most patients experience painless swelling of lymph nodes, which include those in the neck and under the arms. Some patients suffer from enlargement of spleen, an abdominal organ that is located on the left part of the stomach. Usually, these signs of HIV last for two weeks but patients may experience lasting listlessness, depression or fatigue, which lasts for several weeks or months.

Signs of HIV can also appear on genitals, skin and mouth. One of the symptoms of acute HIV infection includes ulcers or open sores, which involve the skin and the mucous membrane of some areas of the body. These areas may include the esophagus, throat, mouth, penis or anus. Open sores in the esophagus usually cause pain when swallowing. Moreover, many patients develop reddish inflammation or rash in the skin about two or three days after the fever starts. Usually, the rash affects the neck, face and upper chest. Sometimes, rash may appear in the arms and legs, scalp, soles and palms. Commonly, the inflammation is pink to deep red spots.

4 Ways of Preventing HIV and AIDS

The expression “prevention is better than cure” could not be used more appropriately when it comes to HIV and AIDS. A report by Bloomberg in 2008 stated that almost half the people in Singapore did not know that condoms can prevent HIV infection. Since the end of 2013, there were 6,229 reported cases of HIV infected Singapore residents, of which 1,671 have died. A clear understanding of how HIV is contracted is the best way of preventing you from getting HIV.

Here are the 4 ways of preventing HIV and Aids:

1. Having Protected Sex

Of course, the most effective way of preventing HIV is abstinence. However, if abstinence is not possible, use condoms whenever you engage in sexual activity (vaginal, anal or oral). HIV is contracted most commonly through having sexual intercourse with a person that has HIV or someone who has multiple sex partners which increases the risk of that person having HIV. The transference of bodily fluids (semen, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid) through vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected partner or even through mouth sores can allow the virus to enter your body. Therefore, the most HIV Test effective way of preventing HIV through sex is by wearing a condom. An analysis of these studies found that the rate of HIV transmission was 80% lower among couples who said they always used condoms compared to couples who said they never used condoms. However, there is a still a possibility that condoms will break, slip or leak even when used correctly, allowing for an exposure to occur. The link in the resource box shows the two types of condoms that can help prevent the transmission of HIV. Also, read further at the resource box to see the fact sheet of how to use condoms effectively.

2. Limit Your Sexual Partners

If you have more than one sexual partner, the risk of you contracting HIV is higher. Get tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and insist that your partner(s) do, too. Having an STI can increase your risk of becoming infected with HIV.

3. Get Tested and Know Your Partner’s HIV Status

Talk to your partner and get tested before engaging in any sexual activity. Having and open conversation and understanding about HIV with your partner is one of the best ways to protect both you and your partner from contracting HIV or any other sexual transmitted infections (STI). In 2013, 41% of the new cases in Singapore already had late-stage HIV-infection-2 when they were diagnosed. Early diagnosis and consistent antiretroviral treatment (ART) can allow HIV Positive people to live a close-to-normal life span. There are many centres that approved by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Health Promotion Board (HPB) that provides HIV testing in Singapore.

4. Do not inject drugs

HIV can be transmitted through needles and syringes contaminated with infected blood. Sharing intravenous drug paraphernalia puts you at high risk of HIV and other infectious diseases, such as hepatitis. The best way to prevent this is by not using drugs but if you do, use only sterile drug injection equipment and water and never share your equipment with others. The sharing of drug equipment is the main cause of how HIV can be spread to the next user.

Understanding how HIV and AIDS cannot be transmitted is also important to avoid the negative stigma surrounding people with HIV.

HIV is NOT spread by:

• Air or water

• Insects, including mosquitoes or ticks

• Saliva, tears, or sweat

• Casual contact, like shaking hands, hugging or sharing dishes/drinking glasses

• Drinking fountains

• Toilet seats